Coal fundi Exxaro turns its attention to diversification
NEWS 24 / 22 MARCH 2018 - 13.08 / DAVID MCKAY
Minority shareholders in Exxaro Resources claimed a minor victory last year when they were able to compel the company’s management to alter the structure of a proposed black economic empowerment (BEE) deal. In return for support for the transaction, Exxaro CEO Mxolisi Mgojo and former CEO Sipho Nkosi agreed to make changes so that they didn’t control the structure through which the largest single block of the firm’s shares were held.
Mxolisi Mgojo is the CEO of Exxaro. (Picture: SABC)
Requiring a 75% majority, the transaction just about squeaked through with 77.6% in support. So sighs of relief all round. But the discontent is on a discreet simmer. At Exxaro's year-end presentation earlier in March, analysts asked a for a reminder as to the deal’s benefits. And when the company unveiled ambitious plans to depart from its coal strategy by adding potential tech-based food- or water-security transactions, things got decidedly edgy again. “The concern for us is that the company isn’t acting in the interests of all shareholders,” said an asset manager whose firm who no longer holds shares in Exxaro. (Just as well for him, because the stock was hammered in the days after the results presentation.) “This is why we wanted the control structure changed. But the board is still weak. Where are the independent non-executive directors?” he said in reference to the diversification plan. In truth, Exxaro has given very little detail about its plans and even fewer details on potential returns from this capital allocation. That’s what analysts fear most: That Exxaro will repeat the strategic mistake of several years ago when it invested in iron ore exploration in the Central African Republic, only to impair the investment for R5.3bn. Mgojo’s response, though, has its logic. He said the returns being generated in the business today were from investments allocated a decade ago. “When we went into renewables, we didn’t know anything about it. And the strategy there was achieving an understanding. We were right about that,” he said regarding the creation of Cennergi, a joint venture between it and the Indian firm Tata Group. Perhaps the problem is that Exxaro has given so little detail regarding its diversification strategy. Beyond a vague philosophical discourse on the merits of food and water security, and the need to keep the company going after the coal mines are closed, there’s barely any description as to the intended partner – 200 companies have been investigated – or the capital that Exxaro intends ploughing into the venture. Less than R1bn, said chief financial officer Riaan Koppeschaar. It is a pity, because this uncertainty is diverting attention from the excellent work Exxaro has put into improving its core business of mining coal. Compared to coal exports in 2013 when it sold 73% of its 4m tonnes to Europe, it now has a broader spread of customers in India, East Asia and Africa. It also supplies those customers with high-quality, premium coal for blending, lower-quality coal for the sub-continent, and coking coal for metallurgical end users. Export volumes have doubled and are due to increase another 50% over the next two to three years. It is a much better business. Exxaro is also hoping for an improvement in its relationship with Eskom. The most pressing issue in respect of the state-owned power utility is to get Eskom to acknowledge the importance of investing in the fixed coal contracts. These are arrangements whereby the power utility pays the capital costs for the mine in return for exclusive supply at a percentage above the operating cost. Matla, a mine Exxaro manages and which supplies Eskom’s Matla power station, is recording lower supply numbers every year because Eskom has promised but not delivered on some R1.8bn in resource replacement. Mgojo is unequivocal as to where the problem lay: “Lynne Brown [former minister of public enterprises] held up everything. But we have had conversations with Pravin Gordan [newly appointed public enterprises minister] and there’s an understanding that in order for Eskom to remain viable, it will need coal. Hopefully we can get this sorted out in the next few months. “That is my objective,” he said.
Disclaimer - The views expressed here are not necessarily those of the BEE CHAMBER